Gulev Sergej Konstantinovich
- Head of the laboratory of interaction of ocean and atmosphere
- Miscellaneous Information:
Corresponding member of the RAS (2011), doctor of physical and mathematical Sciences (1997), since 1994 - head of the Laboratory of interaction of ocean and atmosphere monitoring and climate change.
In 1980 he graduated from the Geographical faculty of Moscow state University on a speciality "Oceanology". From 1980 to 1993 he worked in SOIN of Roshydromet, and since 1994 – in the Institute of Oceanology.
In 1986 he defended his thesis "Large-scale heat interaction in the North Atlantic with atmosphere", and in 1997 – his doctoral thesis "On the interaction of ocean and atmosphere at various temporal and spatial scales".
He is a major specialist in the field of interaction of ocean and atmosphere, marine meteorology and climate dynamics. He received fundamental results in the studies of processes of interaction of ocean and atmosphere at various temporal and spatial scales, was planned and organized unique experiments NEWFOUEX-88 and ATLANTEX-90.
In 1996-1998 he first constructed climatology of wind waves for the North Atlantic based on passing observations, which allowed to estimate the fluxes of momentum associated with the interaction of wind and waves, and for the first time to show the various mechanisms that control the variability of wind waves and swell. Subsequently this climatology was constructed for the Global ocean for a hundred years. This is one of the most widely used today in the marine climatology products for the first time allowed to perform the evaluation of the centennial trends of wind waves, which entered the 4th IPCC report.
Under his leadership it was created the best to date climatology of cyclone activity parameters, it was built a numerical methodology identification of cyclones, widely used in the world, and it was studied the climatic variability of cyclogenesis. This allowed us to discover and explain the shift of storm tracks over the Atlantic-European sector in the 1980s of the 20th century, this is one of the most significant climatic phenomena associated with the North Atlantic oscillation.
In recent years, it was done the studies of cyclogenesis in models of the medium-term forecast of the European Centre for Medium-range Forecasts that significantly improve weather forecasts for the medium term, and also obtained fundamental results in the field of the closure of the energy balance of the ocean surface.
He obtained and justified a new class of distribution functions for heat flows, which allowed to effectively integrate the flows of turbulent heat exchange over the ocean. By themselves, these functions are achievement in mathematical statistics and their application to the processes of heat transfer allowed us to build a climatology of fluxes in the ocean–atmosphere of the new generation.
He has supervised 7 PhD theses in Russia and 2 PhD dissertations in Germany and France. He reads courses of interaction of ocean and atmosphere, turbulence and dynamic meteorology at the Moscow University and the University of Kiel (Germany), he is a lecturer in many international schools. Many of his students became famous scientists.
He manages and he is a member of many international committees in the field of studying climate and ocean. In 1993-1995 – he is a Chairman of the Atlantic panel on climate change MOK UNESCO, from 1996 to 2001 he chaired the Working group on fluxes of ocean–atmosphere of the World Climate Programme, since 2001 he is a member, and since 2004 he is an officer of the Joint Scientific Committee of the World Climate Programme – the highest Advisory body in the field of climate research. Since 2006 he is a member of the Steering Committee of the program SOLAS of the International Geosphere biosphere programme.
He is the author or coauthor of more than 150 scientific works, including 3 monographs. More than 40 of his works published in leading international journals.