Tuesday, 01 March 2022 13:10

Viktor Anatolyevich Akulichev passed away

January 31, 1939 – February 26, 2022

Our famous colleague, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences Viktor Anatolyevich Akulichev, has passed away.

V.A. Akulichev was born on January 31, 1939 in Ukraine, in the town of Shpola, Kiev region. In 1956 he graduated from high school in Orhei, Moldavia with a gold medal. Then he entered the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, from which he graduated in 1961 with a degree in electroacoustics. Since 1961, V.A. Akulichev worked at the Sukhumi Scientific Marine Station of the Acoustic Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1966 he defended his thesis for a candidate of physical and mathematical sciences. Since 1967 he worked at the Acoustic Institute in Moscow. In 1975 V.A. Akulichev defended his doctoral dissertation in physical and mathematical sciences.

In 1978 V.A. Akulichev was invited to work as Deputy Director of the Pacific Oceanological Institute of the Far Eastern Branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In this position, he worked until 1986, and then, in 1995, he headed this institute. From 1986 to 1995 V.A. Akulichev was the chief scientific secretary of the Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In 1985 he was awarded the academic title of professor in the Department of Hydrophysics. V.A. Akulichev created a well-known scientific school on ocean acoustics and hydrophysics in the Far East. He headed the Department of Hydrophysics at the Far Eastern State University. In 1990 V.A. Akulichev was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences with a degree in mechanics, and in 2000 he became an academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences with a degree in oceanology.

Scientific interests of V.A. Akulichev were focused mainly on the problems of ocean acoustics, hydrophysics, mechanics and physics of wave processes. He was the author of more than 250 scientific papers, including several monographs: "Powerful ultrasonic fields" (1968), "Cavitation in cryogenic and boiling liquids" (1978), "Periodic phase transformations in liquids" (1986), "Wave energy stations in the ocean" (1989). Under the general editorship of V.A. Akulichev published a fundamental work in 4 books "Far Eastern Seas of Russia" (2007). The most important thing in the studies of V. A. Akulichev was the introduction of the concept of quantum cavitation into physics. In 1974, he predicted that the tensile strength of liquid helium would be limited precisely by the mechanism of quantum fluctuations. It was not until the mid-1990s that these theoretical predictions could be experimentally tested. in the US in the early 2000s. in France. Akulichev belongs to the idea of ​​dynamic stretching of liquid hydrogen in the field of ultrasound with simultaneous supercooling of it in a small volume, which received great resonance.

V.A. Akulichev was the national coordinator of the Russian Federation for the WESTPAC subcommittee of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO. In 2004, he was elected Vice President of the International Scientific Committee for Ocean Research—SCOR. In 2008 Akulichev was elected President of the Russian Acoustic Society. He was a full member of the American Acoustic Society (since 1989), a member of the Russian National Committee on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, a member of the Interdepartmental National Oceanographic Commission of the Russian Federation, a member of a number of specialized, scientific and scientific councils. Awarded with the Order of the Badge of Honor.

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