The Institute has 4 basic departments in the leading Russian universities - M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Department of Oceanology and Meteorology) and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Department of thermohydromechanics of the ocean), where more than 20 employees of the Institute of Oceanology lead the teaching activity.
In April 2013, thanks to the joint initiative of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (I.Kant BFU) and the Atlantic Branch of the IO RAS (AB IO RAS), the Department of Geography of the Ocean of I.Kant BFU acquired the status of the basic department of the university at the academic research institute.
Students regularly pass training and production practices in the laboratories and on the ships of the Institute.
Created in 2005, the Joint Scientific and Training Center "Ocean and Climate" of the IO RAS and the Moscow State University provides an effective synthesis of the training of young specialists and advanced scientific developments.
The Department of Thermohydromechanics of the Ocean was founded in 1967 by a prominent scientist and teacher, DSc (Physical and Mathematical Sciences), Professor Sergey Sergeevich Voit (1920 - 1987), who was its permanent director for 20 years. The active development of oceanology required specialists with special training. And this was well understood by the director of the Institute of Oceanology, Academician Andrei Sergeevich Monin, who had taught at the department for many years and was the initiator of its creation.
The Department of Ocean Geography was established in 1971 at Kaliningrad State University on the initiative of the famous polar explorer, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences, Professor M.M. Ermolaev. In April 2013, thanks to a joint initiative of the Kant Baltic Federal University and the Atlantic Branch of the IO RAS (AB IO RAS), the department acquired the status of a basic university department at the academic research institute (cooperation agreement dated 04.04.2013).